Guastalla

Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Flag of Guastalla
Flag
Coat of arms of Guastalla
Coat of arms
Location of Guastalla
44°55′N 10°40′E / 44.917°N 10.667°E / 44.917; 10.667CountryItaly 22RegionEmilia-RomagnaProvinceReggio Emilia (RE)FrazioniPieve, San Giacomo, San Giorgio, San Girolamo, San Martino, San Rocco, TagliataGovernment
 • MayorCamilla VeronaArea • Total52.5 km2 (20.3 sq mi)Elevation
24 m (79 ft)Population
 (31 December 2016)[2]
 • Total15,100 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)DemonymGuastallesiTime zoneUTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)Postal code
42016
Dialing code0522Patron saintSt. FrancisSaint dayOctober 4WebsiteOfficial website

Guastalla (Guastallese: Guastàla) is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Emilia in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

Geography

Guastalla is situated in the Po Valley, and lies on the banks of the Po River. Guastalla is located at around 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the cities of Reggio Emilia, Parma, and Mantua.

History

The area of Guastalla was probably settled by Etruscans as early as the 7th century BCE, but the name of the city is mentioned for the first time in 864 CE. Of Lombard origin, the city was ruled by the Torelli family from 1406 to 1539, when it became the capital of a duchy under the Gonzaga family and housed artists like Guercino and Torquato Tasso.

In 1748, by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the city became part of the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza e Guastalla, to which it belonged until 1847, when it was inherited by the Duke of Modena. Since the unification of Italy in 1861 Guastalla has been a part of Italy.

Industry

SMEG (from Smalterie Metallurgiche Emiliane Guastalla), a major manufacturer of high-end domestic appliances, was founded by Vittorio Bertazzoni in Guastalla in 1948, where it still has its headquarters.

Main sights

Guastalla town:

  • The Cathedral (16th century) by Francesco da Volterra.
  • The Ducal Palace of Guastalla (1567).
  • The Civic Theatre Ruggero Ruggeri (1671).
  • The Town Hall.
  • The octagonal Oratory of Madonna della Concezione.
  • The church of Santa Maria dei Servi, designed by Francesco da Volterra. Noteworthy in the interior is a Deposition, canvas by Giuseppe Maria Crespi.
  • The Civic Tower (18th century), in the location where once was the Spanish Castle

Around Guastalla:

  • The Romanesque Oratory of St. George (probably from the 9th century).
  • The Basilica of St. Peter at Pieve di Guastalla, which was seat of two Roman Catholic councils. It houses an ancient baptismal font (9th century) and painted terracotta portraying the Madonna with Child, attributed to Guido Mazzoni.

Twin Towns

Residents

See also

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ ISTAT Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Gemellaggio_1" (in Italian).
  4. ^ "Gemellaggio_2" (in Italian).[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Gemellaggio_3" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2015-02-08. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
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